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Mount Sion iCentre: Information Literacy

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Online Referencing Tool

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Dewey Decimal System

Dewey Decimal Classification was created in 1876 by Melvil Dewey. It is used for NON FICTION books in our library.

Before the DDC was invented, libraries had items on the shelf in the order they were acquired, which could make it difficult to fine what you were looking for.  Dewey Decimal Classification provides a structure for labeling items so that they will sit with items of the same or similar topics on the shelf.

Dewey has 10 broad classifications:

  • 000 - 099 = General Works, Computer Science & Information
  • 100 - 199 = Philosophy & Psychology
  • 200 - 299 = Religion
  • 300 - 399 = Social sciences
  • 400 - 499 = Language
  • 500 - 599 = Science
  • 600 - 699 = Technology
  • 700 - 799 = Arts & recreation
  • 800 - 899 = Literature
  • 900 - 999 = History & Geography

Dewey Decimal System Poster | This little creation was a req… | Flickr


TROVE is an Australian database which you can search for online content.

You can find primary sources including images, historic newspapers, maps, music, archives.

You can find instructions for using TROVE here.


Cornell Notes

Note Taking

ATC style guide suggests using the Cornell method to record your notes.

Watch this guide to help you practice this method.


undefinedCornell Notes

Top Tips for Note-taking

•Write clearly- can you read back what you have written?

•Use a new page for each topic

•Add a date to the top of each page with a suitable heading

•Keep some blank space for any new information you find

•Rule a line through errors

•Use abbreviations (shorthand) – as long as you can decode what you’ve written!

Some Common Abbreviations

between = btwn

because = b/c

versus = vs. 

with = with

without = w/o

that is = i.e

example = e.g.

approximately = approx

number = no.

established = est.

minimum = min

miscellaneous = misc

Online APA Referencing Tools



Referencing and Citations

What is referencing?

Referencing is the way that you describe the sources of information and ideas that you use in your assignments.

Why do I need to reference?

  • To indicate where you get your information/ideas from.
  • So the reader can verify your sources.
  • To avoid plagiarism.   Plagiarism is when a person tries to present someone else's work as their own.  Penalties for plagiarism can include loss of marks or failing the subject.

What do I have to reference?

  • If you have used anything in your assignment that was originally written or created by someone else, you must reference it. 
  • This does not just mean direct quotes... it also includes any ideas you have paraphrased or summarised
  • It applies to anything you use - graphs, statistics, images etc.

In-Text Citations

Every time you paraphrase, or use an idea from another source you must include an in-text citation to that source. The general format is: (Author's surname, Year)

For example:

Australian education providers will need to address a number of challenges to ensure standards of special education are fully supporting students with special needs and their families (Dempsey, 2012).

What's the difference between a reference list and a bibliography?

reference list lists the sources you refer to in your writing.

The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader.  It also gives credit to authors you have consulted for their ideas.  All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as conversations or emails) which cannot be retrieved.  

bibliography is different from a reference list as it lists all the sources used during your research and background reading, not just the ones you refer to in your writing.

APA 7th Referencing

ATC students use the APA 7th citation style to reference their sources.

Referencing : the Basics

Using Sources

APA Guide (slides) - easy to follow guide to referencing using APA style

You should always include a variety of sources and you can use this guide from the University of Queensland to decide how create your references.

QUT's guide CiteWrite is very useful also

How to Paraphrase

How to present a paper using the APA format

Research Skills - Boolean Operators

Are you finding too much information or perhaps not finding enough?

What we usually do is enter a couple of keywords into the search box of google! This strategy, however, will often result in too few, too many, or irrelevant results.

Boolean Operators will reduce the number of results you get, making your research more efficient and the information you find more relevant.

The most commonly-used Boolean Operators:


AND joins two or more concepts by telling the database that both/all of these keywords must appear in the search results.


OR joins two or more keywords for the same concept by telling the database that one or more of them must appear in the search results. It is useful when:

You have multiple ways of saying the same thing, such as measles OR "chicken pox"


Using NOT will exclude results with the term following NOT. it is useful when you want information on a topic that excludes common results.

Example 'civil rights NOT American' if you wanted to research other countries with similar struggles.

Other useful Boolean Operators: 

"Quotation Marks"

Quotation marks tell the database to take the phrase as a whole, and search for the words together, and in order.

Example: Searching 'famous football players'

Without quotation marks, the database finds the word famous and football and players separately. You might get search results about any number of famous people or general information about football or players of any type of sport or game!

With quotation marks, the database ignores articles that do not contain the exact phrase "famous football players". 


The asterisk (*) is a kind of wild card that tells the database to find multiple "endings" of a word.

Example: Searching service.

Without an asterisk, you get only service, but not serve or servicing or serviceable.