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Westcourt iCentre: History - The Making of a Nation

Middle & Senior School Library Home

History Task

As part of the unit Making of a Nation, you will study the causes and effects of European contact and extension of settlement, including their impact on the First Nations Peoples of Australia.

Your task is to conduct a historical investigation into the making of the nation of Australia, focusing on ONE specific pre-federation event whereby frontier violence erupted between European settlers and Australia's First Nations'/Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples. Use the interactive map on the below link to select a site of frontier violence.

Searching Databases

The key to being a savvy online searcher is to use common search techniques that you can apply to almost any database, including article databases, online catalogues and commercial search engines.

This is important because searching library databases is a bit different from searching Google.

When searching databases it is important to develop your search strategy. This means identifying what you need to search for and where you are likely to find the most useful sources.

To begin, analyse the assignment question or topic to find commonly used words that signal the expectations of the marker.

1. Direction words: (cognitions): words, usually verbs, that tell you what you have to do. For example 'discuss' or 'compare'.

2. Content words: Words that deal with topics or subtopics and identify the material you should focus on.

3. Limiting words: Words that limit the scope of the topic to a particular area. For example references to time or place and/or specific groups.

Clickview Australian History Folder

APA 7 Referencing

APA 7 is the style of referencing used by ATC to acknowledge sources. For this assessment you have used both primary sources, such as newspaper articles, and secondary sources including your text book.

Follow the format below for both in-text acknowledgement and the Reference List.

For Webpage

Author Surname, Initial. (Date). Title of webpage. Title of website. URL


Clements, N. (2014). Tasmania’s Black War: a tragic case of lest we remember? The Conversation.


Clements (2014) states ...

"Quote ... quote" (Clements, 2014).

For Webpage on a website with a government agency or group/corporate author

Corporate Author. (Date). Title of webpage. Title of website. URL


Deadly Story (n.d.). Frontier Wars.

Please note

  • the inititials n.d. are used to indicate that the website does not have a last updated or copyright date
  • the Title of website is removed from the citation when the corporate author is the same as the website name

For online newspaper article

Author Surname, Initial. (Date). Title of article: Subtitle. Title of Newspaper. URL



Acknowledgement of Country

We respect and honour Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Elders past, present and future. We acknowledge the stories, traditions and living cultures of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples on this land and commit to building a brighter future together.

Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this unit of work may contain images, voices and names of deceased persons.

Frontier Wars

Resistance and Early Encounters


Myall Creek Massacre (1838)

ClickView First Nations

Inclusive and Respectful Language

Using respectful and inclusive language and terminology is an essential component of reconciliation. The ways we speak about reconciliation is just as important as the ways we act: language in itself is active, and can impact on attitudes, understandings and relationships in a very real and active sense.

While they are guidelines only, below are some recommendations for using respectful and inclusive language and terminology throughout your communications.

* Always capitalise. No matter which term you settle on, always capitalise the term.

* Be specific. Use the name of the community, or the nation of a person, rather than generic terms.

* Acknowledge diversity. Use plurals to indicate you are aware of diversity: peoples, nations, cultures, histories, perspectives, etc.

* Use present tense. First Nations cultures and peoples exist right now. Only use past tense for things that are history.

* Emphasise strength. Use language that resonates with strength and empowerment, rather than need and deficiency.

* Avoid stereotypes. Be very aware of common myths and stereotypes and avoid them at all costs

Short and Long Term Consequences of Contact